Batik Science — Batik patterns in Indonesia that we know most come from places where batik patterns were born. For example batik Pekalongan, batik Mega Mendung, batik Cirebon, batik Kawung, and others. But what happens if the batik pattern is combined with the science style? Certainly a modern batiks style that is creative and very interesting.
The combination of elements of science can give birth to an interesting and unique style from what we have seen. Especially in the batik industry at this time, the creativity of science batik can attract the attention of millennials who mostly assume that batik has an ancient style.
On the other hand, as the next generation of the nation, we must preserve and preserve the culture of the Indonesian people, one of which is batik. We have to do this so that the culture of batik art will not be eroded by time, even in the current era of globalization.
Precisely in State Junior High School 3 Babelan, Bekasi Regency. The science teachers there introduced batik artworks combined with the style of science by giving the task of drawing batik freely to their students with the theme of science from Biology, Physics, Mathematics, or Chemistry as we will see below.
However, before we see the work of State Junior High School 3 Babelan students, we first look at the following understanding of batik science.
What is Batik?
According to Wikipedia, Batik is a pictorial fabric that is made specifically by writing or applying night to the fabric, then the processing is processed in a certain way that has special characteristics.
Indonesian Batik, as a whole of techniques, technology, and the development of related motifs and culture, by UNESCO has been designated as a Humanitarian Heritage for Oral and Non-Income Culture (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) since 2 October 2009.
Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has been a part of Indonesian culture for a long time. In the past batik was only intended for the royal family, but now along with the development of time, batik in Indonesia also developed into a work of art that is almost always in all regions of Indonesia.
Understanding of Science
While the notion of Science comes from the Latin “scientia” which means knowledge. Based on Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary the definition of science is “knowledge gained through learning and verification” or knowledge that encompasses a general truth from natural laws that occur, for example, obtained and proven through scientific methods.
Science is often called pure science, to distinguish it from applied science, which is the application of science aimed at meeting human needs, science is usually classified into two namely :
- Natural Sciences
- Social science
The following are examples of so many divisions in the fields of science, especially natural sciences or science.
- Biology: anatomy, biophysics, genetics, ecology, physiology, taxonomy, virology, zoology, etc.
- Chemistry: analytical chemistry, Electrochemistry, Organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, material science, polymer chemistry, thermochemistry.
- Physics: astronomy, nuclear physics, kinetics, dynamics, material physics, optics, quantum mechanics, thermodynamics.
- Earth Science: Environmental science, geodesy, geology, hydrology, meteorology, paleontology, oceanography. (source)
The inspiration of Selected Batik Science Works
Below is a selection of the batik science works of art from students of State Junior High School 3 Babelan, Bekasi Regency, and their explanations may be an example for those of you who are interested in preserving batik art in a creative way.
Adrian S – Nepenthes
The Nepenthes genus (Semar bag, English: Tropical pitcher plant), which belongs to the monotypic family, consists of 130 species and does not include natural, or artificial hybrids.
This genus is a carnivorous plant on the tropics of the Old World, now covering Indonesia, the southern People’s Republic of China, Indochina, Malaysia, the Philippines, western Madagascar, Seychelles, New Caledonia, India, Sri Lanka, and Australia. The habitat with the most species is on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. (Wikipedia)
Anandika Setia – Laboratory
Aurillia Tsabita – Angle
Ekayuni Putri D – Simple Plane
A simple plane is a mechanical device that can change the direction or magnitude of a force. In general, these tools can be called the simplest mechanism that utilizes mechanical advantage to double the force.
A simple plane uses a workforce to work against a load force. Regardless of the frictional forces that arise, then the work carried out by the large load will be the same as the work done on the load. (Wikipedia)
Irene Cahyaning Tyas – Modified DNA
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genes using biotechnology. This is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes that are located and crossing species boundaries to produce increased organisms.
New DNA is obtained by isolating and copying genetic material from the parent using recombinant DNA methods or artificial DNA synthesis. A vector is usually created and is used to insert this DNA into the host organism.
The first recombinant DNA molecule was made by Paul Berg in 1972, by combining the DNA of the SV40 monkey virus with the lambda virus. Apart from entering genes, this process can be used to delete genes. New DNA can be inserted randomly or targeted to certain parts of the genome. (Wikipedia)
M Rizal Abidina – Erlenmeyer Flask
An Erlenmeyer flask, also known as a conical flask, is a type of laboratory flask that is widely used. It has a conical body, cylindrical neck, and is equipped with a flat bottom. This tool is named after the German chemist Emil Erlenmeyer, who invented it in 1860. (Wikipedia)
Muthiah Nafiatin – Modified Bacteria
Restriction modification system (English: restriction-modification system, abbreviated as RM system) can be found in bacteria and other prokaryote organisms, and this system functions as a defense against foreign DNA (for example, is bacteriophage).
Bacteria have restriction enzymes (also called restriction endonuclease) that cut double-stranded DNA at certain points into pieces that will be further degraded by another endonuclease. This infection can be prevented because foreign DNA carried by infectious agents (such as bacteriophages) can be destroyed. About a quarter of bacteria have a restriction-modification system and about half have more than one type of such system. (Wikipedia)
Nazwa Azahra – Neuron
The nervous system is an organ system in animals consisting of nerve fibers composed of nerve cells that are interconnected and essential for sensory perception, voluntary motor activity, and involuntary organs or body tissues, and homeostasis of various physiological processes of the body.
The nervous system is the most complex and most important network because it consists of millions of nerve cells (neurons) that are interconnected and vital for the development of language, mind, and memory. The main work units in the nervous system are neurons that are bound by glial cells. (Wikipedia)
Nila Dzihni D – Batik of Natural Sciences
Agita Pita Langit – Practicum Tools
Ririn Zaliyanti – Chemical Batik
Anisa Amalia F
Hidayatusyifa Aulia – Moon Phase
The moon phase is the shape of the moon which is always changing when viewed from the earth. The moon’s phase depends on the position of the moon against the sun when viewed from the earth. The moon phase is also called the moon aspect. The aspects of the moon that are easily seen are as follows:
The position of the moon in the direction of the sun. At that time, the part of the moon facing the earth was dark or invisible. In this aspect, a solar eclipse can occur, because the sun’s rays toward the earth are blocked by the moon. Until we will not see the glowing moon.
The position of the moon in the opposite direction to the sun can be seen from the earth. At that time, the moon appears as a full moon. In this position the moon rises at sunset and sets at sunrise.
At the time the position of the moon is perpendicular to the earth-sun connecting line. In the quarterly aspect, the moon shows the phase of the Perbani (bright half-moon). Within a quarter, there are two quarters, namely the first quarter when the moon looks bigger and the second quarter when the moon looks small. (Wikipedia)
Naila Putri R – Biology Batik
Sabrina A – Chemical Batik
Thus, the article about science batik and its explanation may be useful for you are to be used as inspiration. If you are a batik industry player who wants to use a batik style of science created by students above, please do not hesitate to include source or contact these students as a form of appreciation for their work. Thank you.